The Gestalt principle of enclosure explains that we perceive objects enclosed within common area implantations as groups.
Enclosures can be achieved by encoding transparent area implantations with visible boundaries (as in drawing a line around a set of objects), or through colouring areas with different hues. Any information shown to be inside a specific region is perceived to be directly related, and different regions are perceived as contrasting categories.
The principle of enclosure can manifest through the application of reference areas.
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